No matter where you live, or what the climate is there, the temperature changes throughout the year. For some areas that means scorching hot summers that change to frigid winters. But while the temperature above ground changes through the year, the temperature below ground stays consistent all year long, no matter where you live. The ground maintains a much higher percentage of temperature consistency because it absorbs up to 47% of the sun’s energy (heat) as it hits our planet’s surface. Geothermal systems are then able to tap into this free energy through the use of an opened or closed earth loop. This technology is then used to provide your home or place of business with very efficient central heating and cooling. Geothermal Heating When your home or place of business requires heat, a geothermal heat pump uses the earth loop to extract heat from the ground. The heat that is extracted, is then distributed throughout your home or business through a conventional duct system as warm air. This heat energy can also be used for a radiant floor heating system or for domestic hot water heating. Geothermal Cooling When your home or place of business requires cooling, the heating process is reversed, which in turn creates cool, conditioned air; which is then distributed throughout your home or business. In this process, the heat is extracted from the living or work area instead of extracting heat from the ground. The heat that is extracted from the air, can either be moved back into the earth loop, or used to preheat the water in your hot water tank.